The 21st century has seen unprecedented advances in virtually every aspect of daily life, and the media is not an expectation (Brown, 2007). However, society still seems confused about the media's influence on children and young people, even blaming it for many societal ills such as crime, sex and vandalism (Agarwal, 2008). The report analyzes and shows the advantages and disadvantages of mass media for the modern young generation. First, the report analyzes the effect of the media on young people's actions or behavior in order to understand the role of the media in youth. Second, the report illustrates and analyzes the essential aspect of media awareness-raising. Third, it goes to media education to determine what the media looks like. Finally, the report provides recommendations for the media to reach positive masses and influence young people's thinking and decision-making.
Clearly, media education will continue to play a prominent role in today's society, and pathways are interpreted and constructed which directly influence adolescents' attitudes, behavior and skills through media (Australian Psychological Society, 2013). First, television plays a role as a powerful teacher in the early stages of children's learning (Jones, 2003). As an example of watching Sesame Street, young children can learn kindness, collaboration, simple math, and the alphabet from the valuable lessons (Jones, 2003). In addition, mass media education also provides professional development for people (Australian Psychological Society, 2013).
There is no doubt that with today's most popular medium, the Internet, people can search for a wide variety of information. Most teachers need good media literacy skills to teach media literacy to their students and make a deep impression on them (Jones, 2003). Meanwhile, the media portrayed a real world of violence, crime, racial diversity and even proliferation of advertising (Australian Psychological Society, 2013). Since the leadership of the media is accepted without a second thought, the violent acts and crimes reported in the media certainly contribute to juvenile delinquency (Jevtic, 2012).
With the right education from the extreme media, young people often have no idea what constitutes a crime. They take it for granted that they will use force to solve a problem and are easily manipulated (Jones, 2003). For example, many can be persuaded to sell drugs in nightclubs, which seems like a harmless part-time job. It's only when they get caught by the police that they discover it's illegal (Mental Health Commission, 2013). Furthermore, some TV shows even accidentally teach people how to commit a crime because each step of the crime is detailed (Australian Psychological Society, 2013). At the same time, violence and crime are often glorified in the media (Jones, 2003). Shooting and fighting looks manly and great for teenagers.
The media play an essential role in raising awareness. The media helps provide information on this issue, which is the argument that is made about sex education (Agarwal, 2008). Although sex is a public issue in adult society, it is still taboo in youth society. In this case, most young people are willing to break parental confinement to enjoy passionate romantic relationships at younger and younger ages without commitment, responsibility, or health concerns (Jones, 2003). As a result, the pregnancy rate among teenagers is higher. Therefore, the media tries to highlight aspects of the question that sex education should be allowed in schools. In fact, it is better to use the media to educate children, to protect and guide the young generation to choose the right path and learn at the right time than to hide excuses (Agarwal, 2008).
However, a 2013 study by the Australian Psychological Society (APS) suggests that negative media coverage leads to side effects towards people with mental illness. What is worse, the age of 24, mental illness all severe about 75%, and the 15-19 age group and the 20-24 age group accounted for 17.8 percent of the mortality rate (Mental Health Commission, 2013). On the other hand, most teenagers are often unconcerned with their parents who don't bother to find out what is happening to their children. Gradually, such children learn to take matters into their own hands. You tend to become introverted and sensitive. At some point, TV, network, and even music videos tend to use violence, gore, and sex to capture audience attention, and young people are willing to enjoy copying the actor's action (Agarwal, 2008). Although they can distinguish between fact and fiction under normal conditions, in a situation similar to that of television or film plots, they are difficult to avoid and difficult to control (Agarwal, 2008). Meanwhile, between controlling and releasing their emotions, adolescents are more vulnerable to mental illness (Mental Health
The behavior of young people is strongly influenced by the media. According to Hall's research report (2013), children after high school spent 20,000 hours in front of the television and showed 3 to 5 acts of violence per hour. Additionally, these sites of exposure tend to obscure violent youth.
Compared to the 3% crime rate for adult males, adolescents who watched violence on television as children accounted for 11% of the male crime rate (Huesmann & Taylor, 2006). In addition, the availability of adult-only videos and sexually explicit images in magazines and various websites greatly contributes to the increase in adolescent sexual activity and abortion rates (Agarwal, 2008). Also, since young people are impulsive and easily influenced, media advertisements constantly lure them into buying your product, or they spend hours practicing new ways to stay fit, costing a lot of time and money. (Agarwal, 2008). For example, NIKE continues to spend millions of dollars developing its products, including inviting teenage superstars to give lectures each year (Agarwal, 2008). In addition, McDonald's still uses cartoon characters to sell hamburgers and broadcasts a new Happy Meal featuring popular cartoons every season (Agarwal, 2008).
On the other hand, because young people are easily influenced, when a sport gets a lot of media attention and gains popularity among young people and society, young people will take up the sport and try to be cool with their friends (Jevtic, 2012 ). For example, soccer is the most popular sport in Brazil. Playing great football not only presents the youth but also makes them famous in a short time (Jevtic, 2012). Another point is that with the spread of media, the survival rate of boys is higher than before. Nature-caused illness aside, youngsters have almost learned or understood how to protect themselves when a man-made natural disaster strikes (Mcquail, 2008). 5.0
In summary, while the media should not be defined in a strict sense, immediate action must be taken to minimize the harmful effects of the media. In particular, the media can be distributed through various media such as television, video, Internet, magazines and others. For the majority of youngsters with not entirely correct values and ethics, the media portrayed poor education, bad conscience and bad conscience
Harmful behavior for teenagers. In a broader sense, however, mass media is vital to human progress. Therefore, the government and parents of young people should implement massive educational programs to educate teenagers about the truth about sex, crime and advertising. Adolescents must be taught to distinguish reality from illusion.
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Australian Psychological Society. (2013). Media representations and responsibilities: psychological perspectives. Retrieved from http://www.psychology.org.au/Assets/Files/media_position_paper.pdf
Braun, M. (2007). Beyond the Requirements: Alternative Starting Points in Researching the Effects of Media and Youth Violence. Criminal Justice and Popular Culture Magazine, 14(1), 1-20
Western Australian Government Mental Health Commission. (2013). youth mental health. Retrieved from http://www.mentalhealth.wa.gov.au/ournewapproach/youth_mentalhealth.aspx
Halle, D. (2013). Does TV Violence Lead to Aggressive Behavior in Young People? Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/224654-does-violence-on-television-affect-aggressive-behavior-in-teens/
Huesmann, L, R & Taylor, L (2006). The role of media violence in violent behavior. Cancel. Rev. Public Health, 27(26), 393-415
Jevtic, N. (2012). The influence of the media on young people. Retrieved from http://www.nokesoft.com/fdv/Radovi_PDF_2011/The%20Influence%20of%20Media%20on%20Teenagers.pdf
Jones A F (2003). Effects of media use on children and young people. Pediatric Child Health, 8(5), 301-206
Mcquail, D. (22008). Influence and effect of the media. Retrieved from http://www.csub.edu/~mault/the%20influence%20and%20effects%20o.pdf